The average mouth is made to hold only 28 teeth. It can be painful when 32 teeth try to fit in a mouth that holds only 28 teeth. These four other teeth are your Third Molars, also known as “wisdom teeth.”
Wisdom teeth are the last teeth to erupt within the mouth. When they align properly and gum tissue is healthy, wisdom teeth do not have to be removed. Unfortunately, this does not generally happen. The extraction of wisdom teeth is necessary when they are prevented from properly erupting within the mouth.
They may grow sideways, partially emerge from the gum and even remain trapped beneath the gum and bone. Impacted teeth can take many positions in the bone as they attempt to find a pathway that will allow them to erupt successfully.
These poorly positioned impacted teeth can cause many problems. When they are only partially erupted, the opening around the tooth allows bacteria to grow and will eventually cause an infection. The result: swelling, stiffness, pain and illness. The pressure from the erupting wisdom tooth may move other teeth and disrupt the orthodontic or natural alignment of teeth.
The most serious problem occurs when tumours or cysts form around the impacted wisdom tooth, resulting in the destruction of the jawbone and healthy teeth. Removal of the offending impacted tooth or teeth usually resolves these problems. Early removal is recommended to avoid such future problems and to decrease the surgical risk involved with the procedure.
Complications from impacted and partially impacted wisdom teeth
With an oral examination and x-rays (OPG) of the mouth, Dr Smith can evaluate the position of the wisdom teeth and predict if there may be present or future problems. Surgical risks (ie. sensory nerve damage and sinus complications) will be discussed.
Wisdom Teeth Growth by Age
Wisdom teeth are easier to remove when the patient is younger since their roots are not completely formed, the surrounding bone is softer, and there is less chance of damaging nearby nerves or other structures. Removal of wisdom teeth at a later age becomes more complicated as the roots have fully developed (may involve the nerve), and the jawbone is denser.
All surgery is performed under appropriate anaesthesia to maximise patient comfort. At Bay Dental, the removal of wisdom teeth is performed with sedation in our modern clinic. Our services are provided in an environment of optimum safety. Where sedation is being provided, you will be in the safe hands of a sedationist, a dental nurse and a monitoring nurse. Modern monitoring equipment is also utilised to ensure your maximum comfort and safety.